Philippines 8 pages, words The existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups at the time of conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs.
Students deepen their understanding of themselves and their world by reading literary texts — local and global, classical and contemporary -- taught from a multicultural perspective.
The courses in English and a foreign language teach students to think critically and communicate effectively. Historical Background The variety and abundance of Philippine literature during spanish period literature evolved even before the colonial periods. Folk tales, epics, poems and marathon chants existed in most ethno linguistic groups that were passed on from generation to generation through word of mouth.
Some of these pre-colonial literary pieces showcased in traditional narratives, speeches and songs are tigmo in Cebuano, bugtong in Tagalog, patototdon is Bicol and paktakon in Ilongo. Philippine epics and folk tales are varied and filled with magical characters.
They are either narratives of mostly mythical objects, persons or certain places, or epics telling supernatural events and bravery of heroes, customs and ideologies of a community. Below are examples of ethno-epics popularized by different ethnic groups in the country: Biag ni Lam-ang Life of Lam-ang of the Ilocanos narrates the adventures of the prodigious epic hero, Lam-ang who exhibits extraordinary powers at an early age.
Then while in search of lady love, Ines Kannoyan, he is swallowed by a big fish, but his rooster and his friends bring him back to life. All three parts narrate the exploits of the hero as he leads his people who have been driven out of their land to Nalandangan, a land of utopia where there are no landgrabbers and oppressors.
Sandayo, of the Subanon tells of the story of the hero with the same name, who is born through extraordinary circumstances as he fell out of the hair of his mother while she was combing it on the ninth stroke.
Thence, he leads his people in the fight against invaders of their land and waterways. Aliguyon or the Hudhud of the Ifugaos tells of the adventures of Aliguyon as he battles his arch enemy, Pambukhayon among rice fields and terraces and instructs his people to be steadfast and learn the wisdom of warfare and of peacemaking during harvest seasons.
Labaw Donggon is about the passionate exploits of the son of a goddess Alunsina, by a mortal, Datu Paubari. The polygamous hero battles the huge monster Manaluntad for the hand of Abyang Ginbitinan; then he fights Sikay Padalogdog, the giant with a hundred arms to win Abyang Doronoon and confronts the lord of darkness, Saragnayan, to win Nagmalitong Yawa Sinagmaling Diwata.
The Tagalogs pride their Myth of Bernardo Carpio, a folk hero said to hold the mountains of San Mateo apart with his powerful arms to prevent them from colliding.
There are shorter narratives that tell the origins of the people, the stars, the sky and the seas. A famous story that tells of the origin of man and woman is that of Malakas man and Maganda woman who came out of a bamboo after being pecked by a bird.
Literary Forms during the Pre-colonial Period A.
Myths - Mythology, body of myths of a particular culture, and also the study and interpretation of myth. Myth is a complex cultural phenomenon that can be approached from a number of viewpoints.
In general, myth is a narrative that describes and portrays in symbolic language the origin of the basic elements and assumptions of a culture.
Mythic narrative relates, for example, how the world began, how humans and animals were created, and how certain customs, gestures, or forms of human activities originated. Almost all cultures possess or at one time possessed and lived in terms of myths.
Myths are traditional stories occurring in a timeless past. They involve supernatural elements and are beyond the frontiers of logic.
Long ago, when our ancestors heard the sound of thunder and saw lightning, they were frightened because they could not understand why these things happened. In order to understand these and other natural events, they created stories.
The stories were handed down from generation to generation all over the country. Although myths are not based on objective truth, they reflect both universal worries and the worries of specific cultures.What is Philippine literature before the spanish period? I f the old style like ancient such as:alibata and baybayin or prespanish people like the indos,chinese,malay,etc.
Nov 05, · The Periods in Philippine Music Thursday, November 5, SPANISH PERIOD CHARACTERISTICS. Nov 08, · Most of the notable literature of the Philippines was written during the Spanish period and the first half of the 20th century in the Spanish language.
Philippine literature is written in Spanish, English, Tagalog, or other native Philippine languages. When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines during the first half of the 16th century, many parts of Luzon, including the large native kingdoms of Manila and Tondo, had already been Islamized.
However, the further spread and influence of Islam were cut short by the conquest and Spanish colonization of the Philippines starting in The Philippine culture is rich in customs and traditions.
Philippines culture reflects the complexity of the history of the Philippines through the combination of cultures of foreign influences. Time Frames of Philippine Literature in English Different opinions prevail regarding the stages that mark the development of Philippine literature in English.
Let us take the following time frames for purpose of discussion: 1. The Pre-Spanish Period.