Coelho When folks email me about the parent issue, I like to bring up Paulo Coelho. The world is undoubtedly a better place for him and his work. But flash back to when Paulo was a teenager, and his parents had him committed to a mental institution.
She received her M. She is currently an Assistant Professor at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs where her research interests include heterosexuality, gender, and religion.
She teaches both graduate and undergraduate courses in social theory, sexuality, gender, religion and culture.
Abstract This article argues for the utility of feminist psychoanalytic theory within sociological research for its perspective on the emotional dynamics between interviewee and interviewer. This case is one of a group of 83 heterosexual young men and women interviewed.
Largely ignored within contemporary sociology, with important exceptions Gadd ; Hollway and Jefferson ; Chodorow; Williamsanthropologists have very successfully used psychoanalytic theory within qualitative research Briggs; Herdt, ; Ewing, ; Kracke, See also Paul for an excellent review of psychoanalytic anthropology.
As demonstrated in the anthropological literature, psychoanalytic theory allows us to speak about the meanings conveyed in research interviews in new ways. First, psychoanalysis methodologically enables an interpretive analysis of the emotional dynamics within the interview-interviewee relationship.
In the context of gender research, attention to the potentially ambivalent, conflicted or anxious emotional experience of the subject helps to formulate a more complex and rich sense of his or her experience of masculinity or femininity and power. In the case of an interviewee talking about her unplanned pregnancy, one might expect to see this effect heightened.
Second, psychoanalysis theorizes the relevance of unconscious processes. Thus, in addition to an interpretation of those conscious thoughts that an informant chooses to verbalize, a far wider range of meanings becomes accessible.
In the coding and analysis of the interview with Laura, I paid particular attention to the pragmatic components of the interview itself Ewing, What was going on emotionally in the exchange between the Laura and myself?
I argue that these emotions are relevant indications of the processes of transference and counter-transference and offer insight into the personal meaning conveyed in the interview beyond that which is spoken. These dynamics are particularly important in the analysis of this interview: However, this individual is still a subject of which one can ask questions and get straight answers, one that knows its own mind and can communicate this in a largely autonomous fashion.
Interview methods assume this. Methodologically this necessitates an important and uncomfortable shift by researchers toward making ourselves, our emotions, and our defenses, visible. Theoretically, the approach to gender adopted here draws from Chodorow where she offers a psychoanalytic conceptualization of gendered subjectivity.
Like ConnellChodorow proposes a model of multiple masculinities and femininities, but theorizes the process by which an individual creates his or her own personal sense of gender through conscious and unconscious emotional attachment to and investment in some cultural raced and classed gender images and not others.
The concept of an anxious, defended subject is simultaneously psychical and social. It is psychic because it is a product of a unique biography of anxiety-provoking life events and the manner in which they have been unconsciously defended against.
Data and method This paper presents one interview from a larger study looking at how young heterosexual people negotiate sexual encounters. I designed the interview in such a way as to have the subjects share in as much detail as they felt comfortable their sexual biographies.
I included my emotional reactions as well as observations about the interviewer-interviewee dynamic in my field notes recorded after each interview. She lives at home with her parents, commuting each day to class.
Laura is currently in a relationship with Andrew, a seventeen-year-old high school senior. Laura and Andrew have been going out for two years, and have been sexually active since Laura lost her virginity with Andrew one and a half years ago.
Laura perceives her negotiating style as one of deferring to the momentum of the encounter. From the beginning of the interview, Laura continually makes statements that minimize gender difference and gendered power.
But with most of these subjects, minimizing gender difference seems a politically motivated answer i. Laura does not convey that impression. To see men and women as similar is a reassuring perception.
For her, both men and women are powerful.
Women are not victims and most importantly of all, she herself need not be a victim. The theme of aggressive women who express agency and pursue their own desires is woven throughout our talk.
Laura describes her peers as assertive young women who are playing a fairly matched game with men. For Laura the basic similarities she generally sees between men and women exist also between her boyfriend, Andrew, and herself.Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
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Laura: Well I’m going to raise—my parents don’t really want us to live together yet [unless married]—so I’m going to raise it by myself and he’s just going to help me, like financially.
In an attempt to mask my discomfort I temporarily re-direct our discussion to the practical plans for raising the baby. Stanford has released its Safety, Security & Fire Report, an annual university publication devoted to promoting personal safety and crime prevention on campus, and to providing statistics on campus crimes in nearly two dozen categories.
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