His parents met when his father moved to Missouriand they were married in Orion —Henry —and Pamela — His sister Margaret — died when Twain was three, and his brother Benjamin — died three years later.
The business took off, and its founders made a lot of money and received the credit they deserved for being daring visionaries.
But around the same time, Bill Gates and Paul Allen came up with an idea even stranger and more fantastical: This was much weirder than the idea of Jobs and Wozniak. A computer at least had some sort of physical reality to it.
It came in a box, you could open it up and plug it in and watch lights blink. An operating system had no tangible incarnation at all. It arrived on a disk, of course, but the disk was, in effect, nothing more than the box that the OS came in.
The product itself was a very long string of ones and zeroes that, when properly installed and coddled, gave you the ability to manipulate other very long strings of ones and zeroes. Even those few who actually understood what a computer operating system was were apt to think of it as a fantastically arcane engineering prodigy, like a breeder reactor or a U-2 spy plane, and not something that could ever be in the parlance of high-tech "productized.
New releases of operating systems are launched as if they were Hollywood blockbusters, with celebrity endorsements, talk show appearances, and world tours. The market for them is vast enough that people worry about whether it has been monopolized by one company. Even the least technically-minded people in our society now have at least a hazy idea of what operating systems do; what is more, they have strong opinions about their relative merits.
It is commonly understood, even by technically unsophisticated computer users, that if you have a piece of software that works on your Macintosh, and you move it over onto a Windows machine, it will not run.
That this would, in fact, be a laughable and idiotic mistake, like nailing horseshoes to the tires of a Buick. A person who went into a coma before Microsoft was founded, and woke up now, could pick up this morning's New York Times and understand everything in it--almost: At first he had seemed like such an intelligent and interesting guy, she said, but then "he started going all PC-versus-Mac on me.
And does the operating system business have a future, or only a past? Here is my view, which is entirely subjective; but since I have spent a fair amount of time not only using, but programming, Macintoshes, Windows machines, Linux boxes and the BeOS, perhaps it is not so ill-informed as to be completely worthless.
This is a subjective essay, more review than research paper, and so it might seem unfair or biased compared to the technical reviews you can find in PC magazines. But ever since the Mac came out, our operating systems have been based on metaphors, and anything with metaphors in it is fair game as far as I'm concerned.
One of my friends' dads had an old MGB sports car rusting away in his garage. Sometimes he would actually manage to get it running and then he would take us for a spin around the block, with a memorable look of wild youthful exhiliration on his face; to his worried passengers, he was a madman, stalling and backfiring around Ames, Iowa and eating the dust of rusty Gremlins and Pintos, but in his own mind he was Dustin Hoffman tooling across the Bay Bridge with the wind in his hair.
In retrospect, this was telling me two things about people's relationship to technology. One was that romance and image go a long way towards shaping their opinions. If you doubt it and if you have a lot of spare time on your hands just ask anyone who owns a Macintosh and who, on those grounds, imagines him- or herself to be a member of an oppressed minority group.
The other, somewhat subtler point, was that interface is very important. Sure, the MGB was a lousy car in almost every way that counted: But it was fun to drive.
Every pebble on the road was felt in the bones, every nuance in the pavement transmitted instantly to the driver's hands. He could listen to the engine and tell what was wrong with it. The steering responded immediately to commands from his hands. To us passengers it was a pointless exercise in going nowhere--about as interesting as peering over someone's shoulder while he punches numbers into a spreadsheet.
But to the driver it was an experience. For a short time he was extending his body and his senses into a larger realm, and doing things that he couldn't do unassisted. The analogy between cars and operating systems is not half bad, and so let me run with it for a moment, as a way of giving an executive summary of our situation today.
Imagine a crossroads where four competing auto dealerships are situated. One of them Microsoft is much, much bigger than the others. It started out years ago selling three-speed bicycles MS-DOS ; these were not perfect, but they worked, and when they broke you could easily fix them.
There was a competing bicycle dealership next door Apple that one day began selling motorized vehicles--expensive but attractively styled cars with their innards hermetically sealed, so that how they worked was something of a mystery.
The big dealership responded by rushing a moped upgrade kit the original Windows onto the market. This was a Rube Goldberg contraption that, when bolted onto a three-speed bicycle, enabled it to keep up, just barely, with Apple-cars.
The users had to wear goggles and were always picking bugs out of their teeth while Apple owners sped along in hermetically sealed comfort, sneering out the windows.
But the Micro-mopeds were cheap, and easy to fix compared with the Apple-cars, and their market share waxed. Eventually the big dealership came out with a full-fledged car:19th century French writer Guy de Maupassant was a pioneer and master of the short story.
My guess is anybody reading this review is familiar with the author's classic tale `The Diamond Necklace' from high school or college.
Transcript of Mark Twain. Mark Twain Author Information A Ghost Story The Petrified Man Tragedies That Occur in His Life Master of Arts Degree (Honorary) from Yale, Doctor of Letters Degree (Honorary) from Yale, Doctor of Letters Degree (Honorary) from Oxford, Fastest typesetter in Missouri Technique #1: Foreshadowing.
Satire is a technique that writers use to expose or ridicule the weakness, hypocrisy, foolishness or corruption of an individual or society by using humor, wit, irony or sarcasm.
Mark Twain carefully chose his words and used satire in his books to address controversial or taboo issues that afflicted his society. How could you identify a passage as Mark Twain if it were unidentified? Thanks!' and find homework help for other Mark Twain questions at eNotes other techniques that he uses that somehow.
Mark Twain [pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (), quintessential American humorist, lecturer, essayist, and author wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (); "Tom did play hookey, and he had a very good time. One thought on “ Choosing the Best Outline Method for You ” AndrewFox June 9, at pm.
Great post! I was skeptical at first being someone that doesn’t like outlining. Ironically I ended up liking the Structure-Plus method the most because I was having an issue with dead ends in my current project.